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There are two types of Advance Directives that protect your right to request treatments you want and to refuse medical treatments you do not want in case you lose the ability to make decisions yourself:

New York Health Care Proxy

The New York Health Care Proxy is a legal document that lets you name someone to make decisions about your medical care—including decisions about life support—if you can no longer make decisions and speak for yourself. The Health Care Proxy form appoints someone to speak for you any time you are unable to make your own medical decisions, not only at the end of life.

New York Living Will

The New York Living Will lets you state your wishes about medical care in the event that you develop an irreversible condition that prevents you from making your own medical decisions. The Living Will becomes effective if you become terminally ill, permanently unconscious or minimally conscious due to brain damage and will never regain the ability to make decisions. Persons who want to indicate under what set of circumstances they favor or object to receiving any specific treatments use the New York Living Will.

Key Elements
  • You must be 18 years of age or older to complete Advance Directives.
  • You must have the ability to choose someone you trust to be your Agent.
  • The forms need to be signed, dated and witnessed by 2 adults
  • The forms do not need to be notarized.
  • You do not need a lawyer to fill out these forms.